Parents Migration (143,103,864,804)


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This visa lets you: 

stay in Australia indefinitely 

work and study in Australia 

enrol in Medicare, Australia’s scheme for health-related care and expenses 

sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence

 travel to and from Australia for five years 

apply for Australian citizenship (once residence requirements have been met)

Main criteria

The Australian Department of Home Affairs operates a Parent Visa system. Sponsors for this visa must demonstrate that they are “settled” which generally means lawfully resident in Australia for a period of two or more years. This residency period can consist of time spent on temporary visas. 

In order to qualify for this visa the applicant must meet what is referred to as the balance of family test. This test states that the applicant must have at least half of their children living in Australia as an Australian citizen or permanent resident or that more of your children live in Australia than any other country. All children, including step children and adopted children of both parents are included in the balance of family test.

 In addition to the balance of family test you must be sponsored by an eligible person, usually your child and you must meet the health and character requirements.

Visa types

Subclass 143 – This is a permanent visa referred to as a “Contributory” visa. This is because the initial application fee is $4,225 for the first applicant and $1,425 for spouse. However the second instalment for each applicant is $43,600. This visa takes approximately 4.5 to 5.5 years to process and is a permanent visa from approval. As at 30 April 2022, DHA have released for final processing for Contributory Parent visa applications with a queue date up to July 2016.  

The large “Contribution” of money that is called for upon the second instalment is in order to offset the rights that are awarded to the visa holder under permanent residency such as health care that they have not contributed towards throughout their lives as ordinary Australians have throughout their life by way of tax. 

Subclass 173 – This is a temporary visa with an initial Australian government fee of $2,850 and $1,425 for spouse. Before the visa is granted the second instalment of $29,130 is required to be paid. This visa takes approximately 3.5 to 4.5 years to process. The applicants are granted a 2 year temporary visa. Before this visa expires they must pay an additional $19,420 and apply for the permanent visa subclass 143. 

In all cases the second instalment of monies paid is only called for after each applicant has passed health and character tests and the AoS (Assurance of Support, see below for AoS details) has been lodged with the Australian government. In no case will a second instalment be paid and a visa not granted.  Second instalments are non-refundable in all cases.

Length of stay


Processing times for the 143 visa

If you are over 65 years old the Contributory Aged parent visa (subclass 864) may be more beneficial for you as you can stay in Australia while your application is being processed.


If you’ve applied for a contributory parent visa (143 visa) and already have a temporary 173 or 884 visa you can enrol for medicare.


If you have one or more children living in Australia, you might be eligible to apply for an Australia parent visa (subclass 103). 

This visa is suitable for the parent or parents of a child/step-child who is a settled Australian citizen, settled permanent resident, or settled eligible New Zealand citizen. If granted, this visa will allow the parent or parents to permanently migrate to Australia to join their children. 

Whether you qualify for this visa depends on a number of factors, such as:

 residence status of your child(ren) in Australia 

the amount of time the sponsoring child has lived in Australia 

whether you meet the balance of family test

 whether you meet certain health and character criteria

Parent visa requirements 

Please note There can be long waiting times of up to 30 years before this visa is approved. If you are in Australia and your current temporary visa is about to expire, you will not be eligible for a bridging visa to stay in Australia. This is because you must be outside Australia when a decision is made on your application.

Parent visa benefits

A parent visa enables you, your partner and dependent family to reside in Australia on a permanent basis.

Some additional entitlements are listed below:

work or study is permitted

access to healthcare through Medicare – subsidised by the government

the ability to sponsor family members for permanent residency in Australia (a waiting period applies)

social security (a waiting period applies) For applicants of a Parent (subclass 103) visa, there are numerous criteria that must be met. This section outlines the general requirements for this visa.

Parent visa eligibility

To be eligible for a parent visa there are certain criteria that must be met:


the applicant must have a child who is an Australian citizen, or

a permanent Australian resident, or

an eligible New Zealand citizen


If your child is not an eligible sponsor, you may be sponsored by the following persons:

your child’s partner guardian or family member of your child guardian or family member of your child’s partner a community organisation


A health check is required for all applicants and accompanying family members, this includes your partner and any dependent family members.


Any debts that you have to the Australian Government will need to be repaid before this visa can be granted. If you are in financial difficulty you may need to arrange a repayment scheme.


If you are inside Australia, in certain cases you may be prohibited from applying for this visa, such as:

if there was a condition in your previous visa that you would not be granted a substantive visa while you are in Australia

you do not currently hold a substantive visa and have had a visa refusal or cancellation since you last arrived in Australia

you currently hold a sponsored visitor visa you are held in immigration detention

Balance-of-family test

The balance-of-family test measures your ties to Australia. You meet this requirement if either: at least half of your children live permanently in Australia more of your children live permanently in Australia than in any other country.


If this visa is granted, you will be expected to comply with the Australia standards of living and it is critical that you and any additional family member comply with all Australian laws.


As the sponsor, you will be required to assist your family members and help them settle in Australia by providing the following:

moral support

adequate accommodation

financial support

For the first two years of residency it’s crucial that the sponsor complies with these obligations.


The assurer must:

give sufficient financial support so that you or any accompanying family members do not have to rely on any government support, and

reimburse the Australian Government for any recoverable social security payments, this includes payments made by Centrelink to you and any others covered by the Assurance of Support

pay a refundable security bond before the visa is approved The Assurance of Support is required to remain in place for two years from the date you and any accompanying family members arrive in Australia.

An Assurance of Support (AoS) is a legal undertaking by the sponsor, family relative, an organisation, or any other person who may be eligible to be an assurer, to repay certain social security payments to the Australian Government which has been paid to a person or their family members applying to migrate to Australia during their AoS period.


Visa profile: 

The 864 paid domestic immigrant visa for elderly parents is a type of parental immigrant visa for Australian citizens, permanent residents or eligible New Zealand citizens to guarantee their parents to settle in Australia. The applicant must meet the age requirements, pass the health and character test, be guaranteed by eligible Australian relatives and financial sponsors, or hold 884 paid domestic elderly parents temporary residence visa. The visa is a permanent resident visa, which must be submitted in Australia, and the applicant must also be in Australia when the visa is issued.

 Main advantages of visa: 

The applicant has no requirements for education, English, assets, work experience, etc; 

Can legally study and work in Australia;

 Free travel to and from Australia during the visa period; 

Enjoy Australian public medical and other social welfare allowances;

 You can apply for Australian citizenship after meeting the residence conditions; 

You can enter New Zealand visa free. 

Basic requirements for application: 

The applicant must meet the age requirements, male applicants must be 65 years old, female applicants must meet the age requirements of social and welfare institutions, or hold 884 paid domestic elderly parents’ temporary residence visa; 

The applicant’s children must be Australian citizens, permanent residents or eligible New Zealand citizens, and have been legally resident in Australia for at least 2 years. In case of special circumstances, a shorter period may also be considered; 

Meet the family member balance proportion test, that is, more than half of the applicant’s children live in Australia permanently, or more children of the applicant live in Australia than in other countries. The children involved in the family member balance proportion test include: children of both parents, including children of either parent in the previous marriage or cohabitation relationship, including stepchild relationship and adopted children, Whether they are independent, independent, single, married, cohabiting, divorced, unaccounted for or unable to verify; 

The applicant needs to have an economic guarantor who meets the economic guarantee conditions of the social and Welfare Bureau as the economic guarantee. The economic guarantor can be the applicant’s children, other people or other institutions, and there can be at most three economic guarantors as the joint guarantee. The economic guarantor needs to provide financial support for the applicant and the affiliated applicant so that they do not have to rely on any form of government assistance within 10 years; 

The economic guarantor needs to pay a guarantee for the applicant. At present, the guarantee for the main applicant is AUD $10000, and the guarantee for each adult subsidiary applicant is $4000. The guarantee will be refunded 10 years after the applicant’s visa is approved. Any government assistance and debt will be deducted from it, and only the balance will be refunded; Applicants and affiliated applicants need to meet health and quality requirements


The Australian Aged Parent visa allows older parents who are already on temporary visas to live in Australia permanently if their child is an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen who is settled in Australia. 

There is currently a long queue in processing this particular visa where waiting times of up to 13 years before this visa is approved. Eligible aged parents may want to apply for the Contributory Aged Parent visa, however that visa will incur a larger application fee and an Assurance of Support bond will be required under this stream.

Requirements for the Aged Parent Visa – Subclass 804

You must have a child who is either:

 an Australian citizen

 an Australian permanent resident, or 

an eligible New Zealand citizen.

 If your child is not over 18 years of age, you may also be sponsored by: 

your child’s spouse (must be over 18 and an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen) 

a close family relative or legal guardian of your child 

a close family relative or legal guardian of your child’s spouse a community organisation.

 Aged parents who are men, must be 65 years or older to meet the age requirement. 

Aged parents who are female will need to look at their Date of Birth (DOB) in the table below to see if they are eligible to apply:

DOB: before 30 June 1944 

DOB: 1 July 1944 – 31 December 1945

 DOB: 1 January 1946 – 30 June 1947 

DOB: 1 July 1947 – 31 December 1948 

DOB: 1 January 1949 and later

Minimum age: 63 years

 Minimum age: 63.5

 years Minimum age: 64 

years Minimum age: 64.5 

years Minimum age: 65 years

Aged parents will also need to satisfy the ‘balance of family’ test which requires that:

 half your children must be permanent residents in Australia; or 

you have more children that are permanent residents in Australia than any other overseas country. 

You must also have a commitment by a person or organisation prepared to provide you with an Assurance of Support. 

Assurance of Support is a legal commitment to provide you with financial support so that you do not have to rely on social security payments. 

You can have up to three (3) people who can provide an assurance of support for you. You must also meet certain health and character requirements.

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